Good lighting can make you more comfortable in your surroundings and can make performing many tasks, like reading or paying bills, much easier. Good lighting can create a safe environment and help to prevent accidents.
- Some people may experience increased sensitivity to glare with AMD. It can be caused by sunlight, lighting, or from household sources. Drapes or blinds reduce sunlight coming in a room. Polarized glass or tinted shades will also eliminate glare. Optometrists can prescribe eyeglass filters to reduce problems with glare when you are inside or outside.
Here are some ways to make lighting work for you:
- Put the light source or lamp directly where it is needed. Use small lamps that swivel and can be raised or lowered to help direct the light. Use lampshades that direct light onto a specific area rather than out into the room.
- Position lamps near frequently used appliances. Under-cabinet lighting provides task lighting in the kitchen or work areas.
- Direct the light over the shoulder of the eye with your best vision.
- Provide extra lighting in stairs and hallways where it can be difficult to navigate.
- Make sure light switches are located where they can easily be found at the entrance to rooms. Contrast switchplates with wall color or use switchplates that contain small lights so they are easy to find in the dark.
- Wire overhead fixtures to a dimmer switch to increase the amount of light. Consider preset light timers for difficult areas.
The type of lighting and its intensity, color and direction can affect your ability to see clearly. Test different kinds and levels of lighting to determine what is most comfortable for you.
- Full Spectrum includes the entire range of light. This is typically the kind of light used to grow plants indoors and some of the light rays may be damaging to your eyes. Full spectrum bulbs are best when used in swing-arm lamps that can direct the light for a specific task like sewing or reading.
- Incandescent lighting provides a yellower, more direct light that is good for close work, like sewing or reading. This is the traditional form of lighting, and frequently is found in desk or table lamps. These bulbs are being phased out and replaced with more energy efficient lighting like LED or fluorescent bulbs.
- Halogen lighting produces the brightest and whitest light. For some people with impaired sight, it can enhance contrast between print and background, and make daily activities easier, but for others the light generates too much glare. Halogen lighting also generates a lot of heat.
- LED (light-emitting diode) lamps are a very efficient, low energy alternative. The quality of light provided is excellent; the color of the light is not damaging to the eyes.
- Fluorescent lighting disperses a blue-white light evenly and without shadows over a wide area. Because it generates a lot of light without using a lot of electricity, it is the type of lighting most often used in public places, such as supermarkets or offices. But it can create increased glare.